Headquarters of the 3rd Brigade, 9th Infantry Division at Dong Tam. During the war the division's units often served with the Mobile Riverine Force and other US Navy units that made up the Brown Water Navy. Also in early August, the 1st Brigade captured a prisoner in Long An who identified his unit as the 520th Local Force Battalion from Kien Hoa Province. In May, the brigade moved to Dak To in the Central Highlands of II Corps to join the 4th Infantry Division. COMBAT AFTER ACTION REPORT, VIETNAM 1969. From 1967 on, one of the division's brigades (the 2nd Brigade) was the Army contingent of the Mobile Riverine Force. The 9th Infantry Division began withdrawing in summer 1969, leaving its 3rd Brigade behind as a separate unit (under command of 25th Infantry Division) until Oct 1970. Dedicated to those who were there. Soldiers of the 3rd Brigade, 9th Infantry Division, U.S. Army hold their weapons and supplies high as they cross a deep stream on a search-and-destroy mission in the delta near Rach Kien, south of Saigon, during the Vietnam War, April 20, 1967. Consequently, the division had a dual focus—combat operations and pacification. During the period January to July 1969 …the 9th US Infantry Division has closely cooperated with the RVN Armed Forces to continuously launching operations destroying communist forces in the borders between the 3rd and 4th Tactical Zones covering the Provinces of Long-An, Dinh- Tuong, Kien-Hoa and Go-Cong. You do not have access to this Tom was the founder of this website. Major, Infantry (USA Ret.) The units under II Field Force when Ewell took command included five divisions (1st Infantry, 1st Cavalry, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry, 101st Airborne) and six separate brigades (3rd Brigade 82nd Airborne Division, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, 173rd Airborne Brigade, and the 196th and 199th Light Infantry … Vietnam: A Television History Title. 25th Infantry Division and 3rd Brigade, 9th Infantry Division search and destroy operations: Bình Dương, Gia Dinh, Hậu Nghĩa, Long An and Tây Ninh Provinces: Feb 17 – Apr 2: Operation Federal: 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment and 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment/Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment security operation Casualties: Not included in source documents. In the mid-1960s, the security of the Delta, the densely populated rich rice bowl of agrarian South Vietnam, was poor and getting worse. In the 1994 film Forrest Gump, the eponymous main character was a member of the 9th Infantry Division in Vietnam, notably: 4th platoon, A Company, 2nd Bn/47INF. Its area of operations was in the rivers and canals of the Mekong Delta from 1967 to 1972. book Try logging in through your institution for access. Not long after the 9th Infantry Division arrived in Vietnam, it moved to Dong Tam and was given the difficult assignment of securing the Mekong Delta region south of Saigon. 1st Brigade 2nd Brigade 3rd Brigade Infantry 1st Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment 2nd Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment (Mechanized) 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment (Mechanized) 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment 2nd Battalion, 18th Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry Regiment 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment 2nd Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment Artillery 1st Battalion, 5th Artillery Regiment (105mm) 8th Battalion, 6th Artillery Regiment (15… Located in Tan An, South Vietnam, Headquarters & Headquarters Company, 3rd Brigade of the 9th Infantry Division shared many traumatic times. Initially raised in 1903 as part of the post-Federation Australian Army, it was removed from the order … Relieved 16 February 1991 from assignment to the 9th Infantry Division and assigned to the 199th Infantry Brigade. Of great importance was that the GVN won the “rice war.” The improved security prevented the Viet Cong from appropriating appreciable supplies, and, after the major disruption of the Communist General Offensive in 1968, agricultural production improved from a low point of 84 percent of the index based upon the 1961–1965 period to 94 percent in 1969 and 103 percent in 1970. The 2nd Brigade terminated operations on 4 July; the 1st Brigade on 23 July; and on 26 July, the 3rd Brigade went under operational control of II Field Force, Vietnam. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The "Wandering" segment of the brigade nickname was beginning to form. The 9th Division was reactivated on 1 February 1966, and arrived in Vietnam on 16 December 1966 from Fort Riley, Kansas, and its major units departed Vietnam on 27 August 1969 (HHC & 1st BDE) to Hawaii; 27 August 1969 (2nd BDE) to Fort Lewis, Washington; 12 October 1970 (3rd … This 13 part series covers the history of Vietnam from France's colonial control, through the 1945 revolution, to the 1975 U.S. evacuation from Saigon and the years beyond. Units: USA - 1st Infantry Division: 3d Bde (2/28th Inf), 9th Infantry Division: 1st Bde (2/39th Inf, 4/39th Inf), 3d Bde (2/60th Inf). It was misreported then, and it is misremembered now.”—Richard M. Nixon (b. 1st Lt. Jack R. Benedick - 2nd Platoon Leader . On deployment the division was assigned to the III Corps Tactical Zone of Vietnam where it commenced operations in Dinh Tuong and Long An Provinces (6 January-31 May 1967) in Operation Palm Beach. In June, the 9th Division received word that it was to rotate to the United States, and units began to prepare to stand down. The research for this After Action Report included OPERATIONAL REPORTS, DAILY STAFF JOURNALS and DUTY OFFICER S LOGS at the Battalion, Brigade and Division levels located in the National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001. This discussion has focused primarily on the combat capabilities of infantrymen and their direct support organizations: the artillery, air cavalry, assault helicopters, Air Force, and Navy. Faced with unrelenting physical hardships, a tenacious enemy, and the region's rugged terrain, the 9th Division established strategies and quantifiable goals for completing their mission, effectively writing a blueprint for combating guerilla warfare that influenced army tacticians for decades to come. The 9th Division was reactivated on 1 February 1966, and arrived in South Vietnam on 16 December 1966 from Fort Riley, Kansas. In that capacity, company-sized elements fought south of Saigon with the 9th Infantry Division in the IV Corps Delta region. 10-21-68 ) CharlieCompany 43rd Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog) 45th Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog) 65th Infantry Platoon (Combat Tracker) First Sergeant Lynn D. Crockett - C Company . (For EndNote, ProCite, Reference Manager, Zotero, Mendeley...), Chapter 2 The General Offensive and General Uprising, Chapter 5 Third Phase of the VC/NVA General Offensive, Chapter 6 Fourth Phase of the VC/NVA General Offensive, Appendix A. I look forward to hearing from others who served with the 9th, especially those who served with the 2/47th. The tactics of avoiding... At the beginning of August 1968, enemy operations were characterized by a general evasion of contact while maintaining large battalion-sized units in anticipation of a third offensive, with Saigon as the primary objective. For example, on 10 December 1967, at An Naut Tan, the 2/60 Infantry was attacked by the 2nd Independent Battalion supported by the 506th Battalion and the 5th Nha Be Battalion. In June, the 9th Division received word that it was to rotate to the United States, and units began to prepare to stand down. This was the birthplace of the People Liberation Front who rose up against the French in 1954 and later in the 60's against the South Vietnamese. The 3rd Brigade remained in Vietnam, under the control of the 25th Infantry Division, until October 1970 when it came home and the division was inactivated. It was redesignated on 30 June 1971 as Troop F, 9th Cavalry, assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, and activated in Vietnam. Captain Rollo R. Larson - C Company Commander . "335th Radio Research Unit") 12 Jan 1967 – 5 Apr 1971. Strength: 818, 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry (Infantry) Displaying exceptional resourcefulness, the 3rd Battalion. Operating deep within the Viet Cong–controlled Delta, the 9th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army was charged with protecting the area and its population against Communist insurgents and ensuring the success of the South Vietnamese government’s pacification program. The division captured an enemy document in January 1969 that indicated that the fourth phase of the General Offensive and General Uprising, the Dong Xuan, a Winter-Spring Offensive, was imminent. The division headquarters was split between Bearcat and Dong Tam, with the majority of divisional support troops and several combat battalions located at Bearcat, which was several hours by road from Dong Tam and required traveling through the built-up areas of Saigon. The aggressive actions of the RVNAF and the 9th Division in the Delta and U.S. forces and our Allies elsewhere in South Vietnam forced the Communist leaders to abort their Winter-Spring Offensive. All Rights Reserved. You may contact me at the E-Mail address below. The brave soldiers of the division displayed extraordinary heroism in conducting more than one hundred offensive operations daily, half of which were at night, in the extremely difficult and treacherous booby-trapped terrain; this resulted in over thirty contacts per day, eliminating thousands of Viet Cong. On deployment the division was assigned to the III Corps Tactical Zone of Vietnam where it commenced operations in the Dinh Tuong and Long An provinces (6 January-31 May 1967) in Operation Palm Beach. 1st Lt. Lynn J. Tom was buried at Arlington National Cemetery with honors. 9th Infantry Division Task Organization, January–April 1969, Appendix C. The Story of a Booby-Trap Casualty, Appendix D. Prisoner Phan Xuan Quy: Biographical Information and Thanh Phu Battle Account. The 9th Infantry Division, the only U.S. Army division activated and trained in the United States for active duty in South Vietnam, was specifically designated to operate from a base deep within the Communist-controlled Delta with the mission to improve the security of the area so that the Government of South Vietnam’s (GVN) pacification program could be successful. The mobile riverine force was often anchored near the South Vietnamese city of My Tho, or near Dong Tam, the Division base camp, and they conducted operations in coordination with the Navy Seal teams, the South Vietnamese Marines, units of the ARVN 7th Division and River Assault Groups. I took basic training at Fort Lenard Wood and infantry training at Fort Polk. 1st Brigade 2nd Brigade 3rd Brigade Infantry: 1st Battalion, (Mechanized) 5th Infantry 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry 2nd Battalion, 14th Infantry 2nd Battalion, (Mech) 22nd Infantry 3rd Battalion, 22nd Infantry 4th Battalion, (Mech) 23rd Infantry 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry 2nd Battalion, 27th Infantry 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry 2nd Battalion, 35th Infantry 25th Division Artillery: HQ & HQ Battery 1st Battalion, 8th Artillery 2nd Battalion, 9th Artillery 7th Battalion, 11th Artiller… Based on Hunt's experience as colonel and division chief of staff, the volume documents how the 9th Division's combat effectiveness peaked in 1969. The 1st Brigade 1st Infantry Division comprising of: 1st Battalion 2nd Infantry, 2nd Battalion 2nd Infantry, 1st Battalion 26th Infantry, and was based at Dau Tieng from July-November 1969, and January-February 1970. Inactivated 14 January 1994 at Fort Polk, Louisiana, and relieved from assignment to the 199th Infantry Brigade The infantry units that eventually served with the 9th Infantry Division were: One of the more unique units serving with the division was the experimental 39th Cavalry Platoon Air Cushion Vehicle (Air Cushion Vehicles) which used 3 of the specially designed hovercraft to patrol marshy terrain like the Plain of Reeds along the south Vietnamese/Cambodian border. 1913), Coy E/50th Inf reflagged Co. E/75th Inf (Ranger) 2 Dec 1967 – Aug 1969, 2nd Bn/4th Art (105mm How) Jan 1967 – Oct 1970, 1st Bn/11th Art (105mm How) Jan 1967 – Aug 1969, 3rd Bn/34th Art (105mm How) (Riverine) Dec 1966 – Jul 1969, 1st Bn/84th Art (155mm How/8" How) Feb 1967 – Aug 1969, 9th Supply and Transport Bn 16 Dec 1966 – 23 Aug 1969, 335th Army Security Agency Co. (a.k.a. Its area of operations was in the rivers and canals of the Mekong Delta from 1967 to 1972. During the drawdown of the 9th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis in 1991–1992, a residual brigade, based around the division's 3rd Brigade, was briefly active as the 199th Infantry Brigade (Motorized) from 16 February 1991 before being reflagged on 16 July 1992 as the 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment.. Operating deep within the Viet Cong--controlled Delta, the 9th Infantry Division of the U.S. Army was charged with protecting the area and its population against Communist insurgents and ensuring the success of the South Vietnamese government's pacification program. We saw how, after the beating they took in the February 1968 Tet Offensive, the Viet Cong were able to mass and attack Saigon again in May. 13 April The following members of the 483rd MP Platoon, 3rd Brigade, 9th Infantry Division, were awarded the Army Commendation Medal under General Orders 1561, Headquarters, II Field Force Vietnam, for meritorious achievement in connection with military operations against a hostile force as indicated.. SP/4 James H. Hall, 9 November1969 through 9 March 1970, The 9th Infantry Division was introduced in the Delta for one purpose only, to improve the security. It was a joint Army/Navy operation. The endgame was pacification, and the success of the 9th Division can be measured by not only its combat results but also the improvements of the GVN pacification program. Its objectives were to annihilate 60 percent of the enemy troops and destroy 50 percent of the enemy outposts; liberate the rural areas and attack the enemy lines of communication; and liberate half of the district seats and provincial capitals and destroy the remaining half so that they could eventually control them all. Operation Speedy Express was one significant operation in which the division took part during the war, while the Battle of Ap Bac was one of 22 major combat engagements with North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong main force units as well as thousands of small contacts during this period during division's presence in Vietnam. Viet Cong (VC) insurgents were severely disrupting the commerce and welfare of this vital region. VIETNAM The 3rd Brigade was the first 25th Division element alerted for Vietnam service. Read more about this topic:  9th Infantry Division (United States), “No event in American history is more misunderstood than the Vietnam War. 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