Starting in Geneve follow the ViaRhôna that meanders through the mountains and valleys of the Upper Rhône. The Rhine is one of the longest and most important river in Europe. Although the tributaries—notably the Ardèche—rushing down into the Rhône from the Massif Central are formidable when in flood, the great Alpine rivers—the Isère and the Durance, joining the left bank—are the most important in their effect on riverbed deposits and on the volume of water. The Rhine River is Central and Western Europe's second longest river. Check other interesting facts about River Rhine below: Facts about the River Rhine 1: the length. The Seine River is the second longest river flowing completely in France. Aus dem 200 km langen Teilstück der Rhône zwischen Vienne und Avignon, Frankreich, kommen eine ganze Reihe hochwertiger Weine.Das Weinbaugebiet Rhône gilt als die älteste Weinregion Frankreichs. 2. Updates? Three sides bordered the sea and three inland sides. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Some of the largest cities of Russia are in the Volga basin, which means everyday life and industrial activities can pollute the biosphere of the great river. 1. It first flows generally to the northwest into Lake Geneva, then exits the lake and meanders to the southwest from Switzerland into France, meeting the Saône River in the vicinity of Lyon. It flows southward to join the Rhône River at Lyon after a course of about 300 miles (480 km). Rhône River Facts Learn interesting and fun Rhône River facts – its sites in France and Switzerland, history, art, culture, food & more. Zusammenschluss aus: Auvergne und Rhône-Alpes. Vintners in Italy found an innovative way, “Wine Windows,” to sell wine during the plague pandemic. When the ice sheets retreated, both the tributaries—the Vispa, Navigenze, Borgne, and Drance—and the Rhône cut new deep gorges to connect their lower courses to the new valley floor. It is the only major river flowing directly to the Mediterranean Sea and is thoroughly Alpine in character. The Pyrenees mountains make a n… The Saône (/ s oʊ n / SOHN, French: ; Francoprovençal: Sona; Latin: Arar) is a river of eastern France.It is a right tributary of the Rhône, rising at Vioménil in the Vosges department and joining the Rhône in Lyon, just south of the Presqu'île.. They may seem remote and inhospitable to many, but the Earth’s frigid polar regions – whether above the Arctic Circle close to the North Pole, or on the ice-clad Antarctic Archipelago – possess a beauty all their own in snow-covered cliffs, massive floes of glistening ice, and calving glaciers. In the Valaisian high valley of Goms the river, which is here still called Rotten, is accompanied on its course in a westerly direction by hikers and, in the winter, by cross-country skiers – the Goms is a very popular cross-country paradise. Its waters flow past some of the country’s most significant historic landmarks, some dating back to Roman times. Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Tags: Auvergne Die Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, das Land der Vulkane. Die gesamte Rebfläche beträgt rund 61.172 Hektar, die Weinproduktion beläuft sich auf etwa 2,51 Millionen hl/ Jahr (Stand 2008, In Central and Western Europe, it is the second longest river. Note : The kilometre markers along the Rhône correspond to the original length of the river, from a point 0.7km upstream of the confluence with the Saône at Lyon to Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône. His first such piece was Café Terrace on the Place du Forum, Arles. The location is just 2 minutes away from where he lived at the time. “Common folk” lived in the Lower City on the river plain, while the bishop and the well-to-do resided in the hilltop Upper City. Arrow, where it joins the powerful streams, is a compound of two contrasting shades of mountain rivers. Rhone River Facts. Jahrhundert, zuletzt genutzt als Filiale der Banque de France, sind eine Weinschule, eine Weinbar und ein Bistro eingezogen. And though the region started producing wines more than 2,000 years ago, this little area remained largely under the radar until approximately 30 years ago[source: Berberoglu]. Every travel detail is taken care of so you can share experiences, and connect with each other through the magic of travel. The Rhône region has generated numerous writers of note, including novelist Alphonse Daudet (1840-97) and his contemporary Paul Arène (1843-1896), both from Provence; the famous Colette (Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette, 1873-1954); and the author and filmmaker Marcel Pagnol (1895-1970). River Severn | River Thames. Bike through the breathtaking landscapes of the Savoie and the Bugey: mountains, lakes, gorges...and pass typical old villages before you finish in Lyon. Here, in regions including Provence and Burgundy, vineyards thrive in the Mediterranean climate, with more than 200 days of sunshine and cold, biting, rain-bearing mistral winds that enable the soil to store water for the long hot days of summer. Historic Site of Lyon The Rhône River drains a catchment area of 98,000 km² in southeastern France. It's only a short flight from Australia's wildly diverse landscapes, cultures, and cities to New Zealand's volcanic islands, geysers, and mystical fjords. As such, it helped convey Greek cultural influence to the people living along its banks.Until the 20th century, navigation on the Rhône was difficult due to fierce currents, floods in the spring, and droughts in the late summer. Numerous historic towns and cities (mostly in modern-day France) have grown up directly on the Rhône River or its key tributary to the north, the Saône; others occupy the wider Rhône Basin. Magnificent châteaux in the area are emblematic of the importance of French appellations from the Rhône Valley, including Côtes du Rhône, Pouilly-Fuissé, Beaujolais and Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Whether you're exploring Israel, Jordan, Egypt or Morocco, our journeys through the Middle East introduce you to timeless architectural treasures and cultural legacies to be learned, shared and experienced. From Brig onward the landscape changes. In eine Stadtresidenz aus dem 18. The Rhine is one of the longest and most important river in Europe. The Seine source is at an height of 471 meters (1,545 feet) above sea level. The Rhone and Saone Rivers are joined in Lyon, France. The length of the valley means that Rhone wines are the product of a wide variety of soil types and mesoclimates. The Rhine is the longest river in Germany. And we haven’t even mentioned the maple syrup. The finer materials are carried by onshore currents to form the barrier beaches of the coast and the sandbars closing off the Étang de Berre. Jordan & Egypt: Petra to the Pyramids, Small Groups, Autumn Along the Rhine... Munich's Oktoberfest, Danube Automotive Heritage: Budapest to Frankfurt, Legendary Scottish Isles, Edinburgh & Glasgow, Tasting of local wines, cheeses and meats at famed Les Halles de Lyon food market, Dinner at Abbaye de Collonges in Lyon, crafted by chef Paul Bocuse, Visit and tasting at a 700-year-old, family-owned vineyard, Private dressage demonstration at the renowned Haras Nationale equestrian center, as well as a visit to the Benedictine Abbey in Cluny, Private wine tastings in Beaujolais and Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Local bakery and chocolatier tastings in Chalon-sur-Saôe, Walking tour of historic Vieux Lyon, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Tour of the elegant Château de Cormatin in the Burgundy wine region, Visit to Avignon's 14th-century Palais des Papes, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Calvados (apple brandy) and apple cider tastings in the Rhône Valley, Private hands-on experience at a gourmet cooking school in Valence, followed by a wine and cheese tasting, Explorations of walled, medieval Viviers, Roman ruins in Vienne and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Arles, and the ochre-tinted world of Roussillon, Private cowboy demonstration with prized black bulls and a Provençal lunch at a family-owned ranch in La Camargue. It comes into being at an elevation of about 6,000 feet (1,830 metres), emerging from the Rhône Glacier, which descends the south flank of the Dammastock, a nearly 12,000-foot (3,700-metre) peak. Into this lake drained a river—the present Rhine—which then flowed south through the valley and into the Saône basin. Only the Nile brings more water into the Mediterranean. The Rhone is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in Switzerland and running from there through southeastern France. Later, he turned his attention to the nighttime view along the Rhône, portraying a rich mélange of blues, the intense orange of the city’s gas lights reflected on the river, and the sparkling stars above. The Rhone Valley is a key wine-producing region in the southeast of France.It follows the north–south course of the Rhone river for almost 150 miles (240km) from Lyon to the Rhone Delta (the Bouches-du-Rhône), near the Mediterranean coast.. Key Cities Along or Near the Rhône River: Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The river starts in Rhône Glacier, which is in Switzerland.Then, the Rhône River joints the Saône, in France (and other rivers) and ends in the Mediterranean Sea.. The Rhône is 505 miles (813 km) long and has a drainage basin of some 37,750 square miles (97,775 square km). The river on the left is the Rhone, which is just exiting Lake Lehman. Rhône River, historic river of Switzerland and France and one of the most significant waterways of Europe. Argentina is arid and distinctly European. Rhône is a 812 km long European river. The name of the region is taken from Rhône and the Alps mountain range. The largest beasts on the planet still roam Africa, tribes still follow ancient ways and traditions, and you can't help but feel the pulse of a primal connection, and hear echoes of a distant past in the strange, magnificent, breathtaking landscapes. It starts at the foot of a large glacier in the Alps of south-central Switzerland, nearly 6,000 feet (1,800 meters) above sea level. Only the Nile brings more water into the Mediterranean. Food The River Rhône empties into the Mediterranean. In 2016 Rhône-Alpes was merged with the neighbouring région of Auvergne as part of a national plan to increase bureaucratic efficiency. Since 1962 the left bank of Fos has been transformed into a vast industrial complex consisting of port facilities, refineries, oil-storage tanks, and steel mills. And here’s one of the latest (and most delectable) Rhône River facts. Oldest Trade Routes: Tauck Earth Journeys on 5 continents are created with the world’s leading wildlife filmmakers of BBC Earth. For instance, fish mutation and quick algae reproduction are some of the pieces of evidence. Legend says that Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania was the Garden of Eden, and it's still lush with forest, pasture, lakes, and animal life, not far from Oldupai, where some of the oldest human fossils have been found. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Rhône River, historic river of Switzerland and France and one of the most significant waterways of Europe.It is the only major river flowing directly to the Mediterranean Sea and is thoroughly Alpine in character. Unlike the mouths of most large rivers in Europe, the Grand Rhône is not dominated by a major city. Every region has its own dialects, but everywhere the technicolor landscapes speak the same language of adventure. Van Gogh didn’t have to … Fläche: 69.711 km². Here are just a few: What to Expect Along the Rhône with Tauck. The Seine River is the second longest river flowing completely in France. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The world’s second-largest country offers a larger-than-life playground of diverse landscapes and cultures, postcard-perfect fishing towns, Old World cities, vast forests, cosmopolitan capitals where the hotels are historic and grand. Sie erleben eine europäische Landschaft mit einem überaus großen Schatz an kulturellen Meisterwerken, welche vor allem auf die Römer zurückgehen. Later tectonic movements caused the Rhine to reverse its flow, and the Doubs, a tributary of the Saône, now partly follows the former Rhine drainage pattern. The city is a home for 1,050,000 individuals. The Rhône River winds its way from the scenic mountains of Switzerland through the heartland of France before finally flowing into the Mediterranean Sea. The melting of the Alpine snows gives the highest … Here are other interesting facts about the River Rhone below: The Rhône River is 505 miles (813 kilometers) long. Across Asia high-tech cultures are evolving beside ancient ones. The Rhône flows through the modern-day nations of Switzerland and France. The Rhine forms a portion of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian border, and the Swiss-German and Franco-German border. The official designation “Côtes du Rhône” has been in use for the region’s wines since the 16th century; within the next hundred years, a set of rules was established by royal decree to prevent forgeries and guarantee the provenance of the wine. Geopolitical & Economic Importance Today The Rhône River winds its way into France from the Rhône Glacier in Valais, Switzerland, meeting the Saône at Lyon. Discover our 85+ small group journeys worldwide… Tauck Bridges guided family adventures and river cruises… special savings for solo travelers and groups… and private trips for you, your family, and friends. All rights reserved. These sediments were instrumental in cutting deep channels through the edge of the crystalline Massif Central, as evidenced at Vienne and Tain. The Rhône River winds its way into France from the Rhône Glacier in Valais, Switzerland, meeting the Saône at Lyon. The river’s delta begins near Arles and extends about 25 miles (40 km) to the sea. Rhône is a 812 km long European river. The painting depicts Arles at night. In this incredible photograph we see the confluence of the Rhone and Arve rivers in Geneva, Switzerland. The River Rhône empties into the Mediterranean. The river is joined by a number of mountain streams and drops through small, rocky gorges as it flows generally westward. Or explore New Zealand's wonders by small ship, and fly to Australia for a walk on the wild side. Locks Along the Rhône River: 10. The river drains an area of 95.5500 m 2. The city spreads over a peninsula between the Saône and the Rhône and over the rivers' further banks. After Sierre, the Rhone is skirted by the national skating route, which ends in Vevey. In 1888, Van Gogh painted Starry Night Over the Rhône. 13. The Rhône region remained under Roman rule until the 5th century AD; the capital of Roman Gaul for much of that period was the city of Lugdunum (present-day Lyon) on the Rhône. THE RHONE IS THE chief river of southeastern FRANCE, draining much of the western ALPS and connecting the regions of the interior to the MEDITERRANEAN coast. The second largest metropolitan area in France is Lyon, which serves as the capital. And though the region started producing wines more than 2,000 years ago, this little area remained largely under the radar until approximately 30 years ago[source: Berberoglu]. It does this by cutting through deep longitudinal valleys called vaux and transverse valleys called cluses, which were formed when the Jura Mountains were uplifted during the Alpine orogeny. There, too, the river route has been assisted by structural factors, specifically by a dip in the crystalline rock massifs running from Mont Blanc to the Aare and by the discontinuity between the limestone masses of the Dents du Midi and of the Dent de Morcles. Used under license. We collaborate with America’s leading storyteller, filmmaker Ken Burns, to craft Ken Burns American Journeys. River Rhine Fact File. 1. The Seine source is at an height of 471 meters (1,545 feet) above sea level. These gorges have created considerable difficulty for modern transportation, necessitating a series of hairpin-bend road links. Professor of Geography, University of Waterloo, Ontario. Navigate the world like never before aboard our small ship cultural and expeditionary cruises – explore some of the world's most intriguing ports of call in Europe, Asia, Antarctica, South America, Latin America, and North America. Master chefs perform their magic... pot-au-feu, quintessential quenelles, salade Lyonnaise and savory coq au vin. 10 Facts that You Don't Know About the Masterpiece. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Medieval Period (High Middle Ages, 11th-15th centuries) Tauck’s river cruises along the Rhône offer more included exclusive experiences than any other river cruise company in Europe — from in-depth, behind-the-scenes sightseeing to included dining ashore in memorable venues. What to Expect Along the Rhône with Tauck "Starry Night Over the Rhone" was part of the 1889 Society des Independents exhibition in Paris, and was one of only a few Van Gogh artworks shown publicly prior to his death. 2021 Bookings – Enjoy Flexible Payment Terms, A MESSAGE FROM TAUCK ABOUT COVID-19 (UPDATED JANUARY 14, 2021). Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the “Triumphal Arch” of Orange In addition, the region (especially Provence) has greatly influenced émigré and expatriate writers who have resided in the area, including Americans Edith Wharton and F. Scott Fitzgerald, Russian Ivan Bunin, Britons Somerset Maugham and Peter Mayle, and New Zealander Katherine Mansfield. Numerous Celtic tribes were among the early residents of the Rhône River Basin; these included the Allobroges, Helveii, Seduni, Sequani, Segobriges, Segusiavi and Vocontii tribes. Tauck Bridges family tours are designed to inspire wonder and enrich understanding. FACTS ABOUT THE VOLGA RIVER: 12-27 . Its source is in the Massif Central, near the village of Astet.It flows into the Rhône near Pont-Saint-Esprit, north-west of Orange.The river gives its name to the French department of Ardèche.. At Lyon the Rhône enters its third sector, heading south toward the Mediterranean, its course characterized by the great north–south Alpine furrow that is also drained by its principal tributary, the Saône. Over the next 300 years, the Franks consolidated their power in the region. Below Mondragon the lower Rhône valley becomes wider, and what was once a marshy landscape open to flooding has been regulated by a series of dams and canals. During the last Ice Age a large glacier, fed by several small ones, plowed down the valley floor of the Valais and, except for some harder rock obstacles found near the town of Sion, succeeded in widening and deepening the narrow valley floor. In the wider sections of its course in this region, the Rhône runs through glacier-excavated basins that its own deposits have barely filled, causing intermittent marshy areas. And you can visit the countries together on our comprehensive Down Under tours which include Melbourne, Uluru Rock, the Great Barrier Reef, and Sydney, then a hop across the Tasman Sea to Wellington, Fjordlands, Auckland (and more). These windows are in use again due to COVID-19. It is also joined by the Ain, from the north, and, on the left bank, by the Fier and Guiers. Large urbanized areas (including Lyon, Valence, Montélimar, Orange, Avignon and Arles) occupy its valley. 19th & 20th Centuries It has been a part of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes as of January 1st, 2016. "Starry Night Over the Rhone" was part of the 1889 Society des Independents exhibition in Paris, and was one of only a few Van Gogh artworks shown publicly prior to his death. The Rhône River has been an important lifeline for Western Civilization dating back to Greek and Roman times. River Rhine Fact File. From the city of Lyon onward the river occupies the trough lying between the Massif Central and the Alps, a channel up which the sea of the Paleogene and Neogene periods (about 66 to 2.6 million years ago) ascended covering the present Rhône valley in France. Goods were hauled by barge (which took about three weeks); up to the 19th century, passengers were often transported in horse-drawn water coaches (coches d’eau). As it did so, it held back both the upper Rhône and those of its tributaries that come down from the Pennine Alps. Rhine River, river and waterway of western Europe, culturally and historically one of the great rivers of the continent and among the most important arteries of industrial transport in the world. The scenic and often wild course of the Rhône, the characteristics of the water flowing in it, and the way it has been used by humans have all been shaped by the influences of the mountains, right down to the river mouth, where sediments marking the Rhône’s birth in an Alpine glacier are carried into the warmer waters of the Mediterranean. Countries: Switzerland, Germany, France and the Netherlands. It next enters another gorge before reaching the plain of the Valais, which extends between the towns of Brig and Martigny, and descends in elevation 2,300 to 1,600 feet (700 to 500 metres). Length: Approximately 504 miles / 812 kilometers It is located at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, about 470 km (292 mi) south-east of Paris, 320 km (199 mi) north of Marseille and 56 km (35 mi) northeast of Saint-Étienne. Water of the Rhone, which has its origin on the slopes of the Aar-Gotthard and the resulting Lake Geneva (Leman) are turquoise. It runs for over 1,232 km (766 mi) from its source in the in the Swiss Alps (in Switzerland), issuing from the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier 3,353m above sea level.. Across the mountain barrier the muddy waters of the Rhône enter another wide plain surrounded by high mountains and then plunge into the clearer, stiller waters of Lake Geneva, forming an enlarging delta. The region of Europe known as Gaul (comprising present-day France, Luxembourg and Belgium, and parts of Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands and Germany), encompassing the Rhône Basin and home to the Celts, came under Roman domination during the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, cemented by Julius Caesar’s victory in the Gallic Wars in 51 BC. 12. Rhône River France Written by Marcia Malory Category: Places. Brazil is Rio, Amazon jungles and Andean peaks. In the stretch of Alpine foothills and sloping valleys along the Rhône that begin around Lyon are vineyard-covered hillsides, some on nearly vertical slopes, representing the pinnacle of the vintner’s art in Europe, if not the world. The Seine is a 777 kilometres (483 miles) long river and is an important commercial waterway. The Seine is a 777 kilometres (483 miles) long river and is an important commercial waterway. At Lyon the flow amounts to 22,600 cubic feet (640 cubic metres) per second; there the Saône alone contributes 14,100 cubic feet per second. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. In the 14th century, Avignon became the seat of the Roman Catholic papacy for much of the next 100 years. The river on the left is the Rhone, which is just exiting Lake Lehman. The latter lies in the basins that the Ice Age glaciers hollowed out between the Jura Mountains to the east and, farther west, the eastern edge of the Paris Basin and the uplands of the Massif Central. Patagonia is an anomaly of penguins and flamingos, glaciers and jagged mountains. The course of the river can be divided into three sectors, lying respectively in the Alps, between the Alps and the Jura Mountains and through the latter, and finally in the topographical furrow of Alpine origin running from the city of Lyon to the sea. From medieval times, the waterway linked such cities as Avignon, Vienne and Arles with ports on the Mediterranean. The Camargue region occupies the delta of the river. The lower Rhone valley consequently takes the form of a series of gorges and basins, the latter often having a series of terraces corresponding to variations in the levels of ice and of river. Near its mouth, at the city of Arles in Provence, the Rhône splits into two branches, the Great Rhône and the Little Rhône, forming a delta in the Camargue region. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Rhône River Region: It runs for over 1,232 km (766 mi) from its source in the in the Swiss Alps (in Switzerland), issuing from the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier 3,353m above sea level.. The river then became a dumping ground for the bodies. France's Rhone Valley is known for its beautiful mountain scenery. After World War II, the introduction of powerful diesel-propelled motor barges and the construction of canal locks and other navigational improvements made river trade and passenger transport on the Rhône even more efficient. From the elegant simplicity of a Japanese tea room to the neon cityscapes of Tokyo; from the intricate art of a Cambodian temple; from elephant walks to frenetic street markets to the serene beauty of the Taj Mahal, we'll guide you through the exotic pageantry of Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, China, Japan, India and Thailand, where there's never a lack of excitement for the eye, the palate, or the imagination. Now called the Rhone for good, the river is canalized over long stretches and flanked by extensive vineyards and orchards. In this respect it differs markedly from its northern neighbour, the Rhine, which leaves all of its Alpine characteristics behind when it leaves Switzerland. Follow a route that has been used by successive civilizations for over 2,000 years. A body of water, Lake Bresse, spread over the Saône basin. The second-longest river in France, the Rhône River originates in Switzerland, from the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps (in the canton of Valais). The River Rhône empties into the Mediterranean. Facts about Rhone Alpes tell us about the former administrative region in France. The Rhine flows through six countries-Switzerland, Principality of Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and the Netherlands before … The source of River Seine is a village named Source-Seine, 30 kilometres (19 miles) northwest of Dijon in northeastern France. Informationen über die Departements, Land und Leute. The discharge of the Rhine is divided into three branches: the Waal (6/9 of total discharge), the Nederrijn – Lek (2/9 of total discharge) and the IJssel (1/9 of total discharge). Vincent van Gogh lived in Arles between February 1888 and May 1889.This was his final home before he checked himself into the mental hospital in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.. 1. The Rhône is a river in France and Switzerland.It is 812 kilometers long. The river drains an are of 95.5500 m 2. The French Rhône valley is divided into the upper Rhône valley, stretching from the Swiss border to Lyon, and the lower Rhône valley, from Lyon to the Mediterranean.) Situated at the crossroads of Asia, Africa and Europe, the country of Jordan delights from the archaeological treasures and antiquities of Petra to resort pleasures along the Dead Sea. https://www.britannica.com/place/Rhone-River, Rhône River - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Rhône River - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Isère adds another 12,400 cubic feet per second. In this incredible photograph we see the confluence of the Rhone and Arve rivers in Geneva, Switzerland. At the town of Bellegarde the river is joined from the north by the Valserine and, swinging south, plunges into a deep gorge now submerged in the 14-mile- (22-km-) long Génissiat Reservoir. 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