36. What does FEV1 stand for?Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second. What type of COPD has “quiet” breath sounds without adventitious sounds on auscultation?Emphysema. 58. What are the three causes of chronic bronchitis?Smoking, recurring pulmonary infections as a child may increases susceptibility and air pollution, 25. 38. What are non-pharmacologic measured to be encouraged in all patients with COPD: FEV1 is usually reduced as the disease progresses, but may be normal in early stages. A patient with a myocardial infarction (MI) is at risk for left-sided heart failure. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Initial round-the clock management of COPD: Indication to add ICS to initial COPD management: tiotropium, an anticholinergic inhaler used for COPD management. Clearly identified objectives enable the board to set specific goals for the evaluation and make decisions about the scope of the review. Prepare for the ABFM exam with the AAFP’s Family Medicine Board Review Express Livestream, February 18-21 and get the same in-depth Board review but with all the conveniences of your home or office. 21. What are the COPD severity staging guidelines?The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) staging systems are: Stage 1 or Mild COPD, patients with FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second) <80% of predicted. Oxford University Press makes no representation, express or implied, that the drug dosages in this book are correct. Diseases of the Respiratory System 2. COPD management plan. Common characteristic of this disease is the present of cough and increase sputum for 3 consecutive months each year for 2 years. What is the medical definition of COPD? The COPD Foundation offers resources such as COPD360social, an online community where you can connect with patients, caregivers and health care providers and ask questions, share your experiences and receive and provide support. The following are the general methods for treating a patient with COPD: This book provides a straightforward overview of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 10. The Flashcards are review questions and can be used to study for medical board exams including the USMLE Step Exams and the ABIM Internal Medicine Exam. Best antibiotic choice for mild or moderate COPD flare: Doxycycline, which covers DRSP and atypicals. Is there evidence to support tapering PO CS dose after asthma flare? The process may require some explanation on the part of the Board of Review Chairperson. Because of these findings, the nurse closely monitors the oxygen flow and the client’s respiratory status. What is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?It stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. That wraps up our study guide on COPD. NEJM Knowledge+ Internal Medicine Board Review, Family Medicine Board Review, and Pediatrics Board Review are produced by NEJM Group, the organization behind the New England Journal of Medicine, NEJM Journal Watch, NEJM Catalyst, and NEJM Resident 360. What are the changes in breath sounds in early chronic bronchitis?No significant changes. There is a good summary on the official BSA site. What type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease produces peripheral edema?Chronic bronchitis, 65. Systemic steroids can be administered by IV (intravenous), shot, or orally. Mindus S et al (2018) Asthma and COPD overlap (ACO) is related to a high burden of sleep disturbance and respiratory symptoms: results from the RHINE and Swedish GA2LEN surveys. Study Flashcards On ANCC Board Review: Asthma/COPD at Cram.com. AKA phopsphodiesterase inhibitor. What is hypercapnia?Above normal PaCO2, 40. What medications are used in the management of COPD?These are racemic epinephrine, Albuterol/Proventil (ventilin), Levalbuterol (xopenex), Salmeterol, Formoterol, Arformoterol (brovana), Ipratropium (atrovent), Tiotropium (sprivia), Budesonide (pulimcort), Mometasone (asmanex), Fluticasone (Flovent), Beclomethasone (QVAR), Acetylcysteine (mucomyst), and Dornase alpha (rhDNAse), and Nedocromil (tilade). Best antibiotic choices for severe COPD flare: If a patient reports orthopnea as part of a pulm problem, what should you consider. Add to folder[?] Oral prednisone at 40-60 mg/day for 5-7 days. Is it appropriate to use systemic steroids is when nothing else works use, asthma history and. Chronic inflammatory responses, noxious particles and gases Factor Surveillance Syste… what does FEV1 stand for Forced. This COPD study guide together in hopes that it makes the learning process a bit easier for.. 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